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WTF is SEO (and how to do it right)

You can’t look into website marketing at all without hearing about SEO. Some people swear by it, others swear it’s dead. And others.. well… they just want to know WTF it actually is!

This post is going to outline the fundamentals of Search Engine Optimisation (SEO), whether it’s important, and how to do it right.

If you’ve ever thought WTF when someone says SEO, read on!

So WTF is SEO anyway?

SEO stands for “Search Engine Optimisation” which is optimising your website to be found on Search Engines (and let’s be honest, by Search Engines I’m talking about Google).

See, Google wants to show its users relevant answers to whatever they’re looking for. If you get relevant answers when you search, then you’re less likely to look elsewhere for your answers. If the answers are garbage, you’ll stop using Google.

So Google has a set of criteria that it uses to decide when a website is relevant, and SEO is all about CRUSHING those criteria and getting yourself as high up in the rankings as you can get.

Why is SEO important?

Maybe you know exactly why SEO is important (feel free to skip this part).

But maybe you don’t. Maybe you’re thinking “Nick, why should I care about optimising for Google.”

Let’s have a think about this.

  1. You have a website.
  2. When you get visitors to your site, you get enquiries, which turn into clients, which turns into money.
  3. You start with some SEO and start to rise through the ranks on Google.
  4. When people search for your business type, you’re the first result.
  5. You get more visitors.
  6. That means more enquiries, more clients, more money.

75% of users never go past the first page of Google.

So basically, being on page 2 (or worse) means 75% of people searching will NOT see your website.

Do you want to be invisible? Do you want to make LESS money?


Well, that’s why SEO is important.

A history of bullshit

Back in ancient times (like 4 or 5 years ago), Google used to decide if a website was relevant based on how many times the keyword was listed on the site, and how people linked to it. That means if you’re trying to rank for refrigerator repairs, you just need to have the words refrigerator repairs repeated a whole bunch throughout the site, then get more links to your site than your competition has.

See anything wrong with this?

Yeah, marketing people, being the geniuses (geniusi? genii?) they are, realised there was a huge opportunity here. They’d just “stuff” their sites full of keywords, get the same article rewritten 100 times using an article rewriter, and then get people in India and other countries to put links to their websites on tens of thousands of other (bullshit) sites.

wtf is seo ancient seo

This meant a lot of crappy sites were hitting top spots on Google.

Problem – remember how I said Google wants results to be relevant? Yeah, these sites that were hitting those top spots weren’t very relevant.

So Google implemented some changes to their “algorithm” (the magical formula that figures out what is important) and BOOM – everything changes. In addition to changing how they value links, and protection against keyword “stuffing”, now they have this thing called RankBrain which is kind of an Artificial Intelligence that measures how people interact with Google’s search results and ranks websites accordingly.

So how does that work? Well, let’s say you’re searching for refrigerator repairs, click the first link, see the site is garbage, go back and click the second and end up finding what you’re looking for. That tells RankBrain that the second link is worth more than the first, and it starts to move up the rankings.

So how do I optimise my website correctly for SEO?

So these days, SEO is made up of a few key things:

  1. On Page Optimisation
  2. Your Content
  3. Backlinks

1. On page SEO optimisation

This is a fancy way of saying all the content on your website needs to be set up correctly. Not only are we talking proper headings, page descriptions and image alt tags, but these days we need to include things like schema markups, internal linking, speed optimisation, and heaps more!

And when you think about RankBrain, you also need to consider elements like how captivating your page titles are, whether your website actually gives people the information they need, and whether your site is designed to keep people browsing.

2. Your content

In-depth, comprehensive, high-quality content is king for ranking.

Back in the day, Google looked at how often you used a specific keyword in your content in order to rank for it. They’d look at your website address, page titles, image tags, descriptions, and so on.

Now they look at the context in which it’s being used. That means it’s less about the content itself but more about how useful it is.

If you have a post that includes everything people are likely to look for in relation to refrigerator repairs, you’ll rank better than a post that has the word refrigerator repairs repeated throughout it.

Why? Because Google got smarter!

And good content leads to the next important factor.

3. Backlinks

Arguably the most important factor, and also the one that gets most people ripped off when it comes to SEO.

Backlinks are STILL gold in telling Google that your site matters (remember, backlinks are when other websites put a link to your site on theirs).

The thing is, those links need to be from quality websites, and they have to be natural (if you pay a website to give you links, Google might make you disappear).

So how do most people get ripped off here?

Well, you know those guys with weird accents and super bad grammar trying to sell you SEO services? They’re probably going to focus on building links to your site. They’re also probably going to get you those links from really shady websites in a really unnatural way.

Even if someone tells you they’re going to get you links only from reputable sources, the question is how?

In reality, the most natural way you get links is by writing good quality content and having people share it and link to it on their own blogs or social media. There are a bunch of in-depth guides on how to build backlinks, and I’ll be releasing more posts about this in the future.

There’s one thing for sure though, if your SEO strategy does NOT include content creation you should definitely consider talking to someone about it. It might not be shady, but it definitely isn’t best practice.


So there you have it. We’ve run through:

  1. WTF search engine optimisation actually is
  2. Why SEO matters
  3. Old school SEO and how things have changed
  4. How to optimise SEO correctly
  5. And, as a bonus, we touched on how to avoid getting ripped off with SEO
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